VOLUME 1 NUMBER 4 ... OCTOBER/ NOVEMBER 2005 ... VERSION 1.4

Undergraduate edition

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NEUROLOGICAL / PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS

  • NEUROANATOMY. Anatomical basis for clinical neurology. [menu]

  • NEUROLOGICAL EXAMINATION.Taking the patient's history is traditionally the first step in virtually every clinical encounter. A thorough neurological history allows the clinician to define the patient's problem and, along with the physical examination, assists in formulating an etiologic/pathologic diagnosis in most cases.

  • A GUIDE TO NEUROLOGICAL EXAMINATION. Starting in medical school neurologic examination has remained intimidating for many physicians. The examination has been perfected over many decades thanks to our French and German founding fathers. It has led to eponyms (e.g. - Babinski sign, Hoffmann reflex) different techniques of detecting subtle signs of weakness (e.g. - hand rolling, foot tapping) and even a wide collection of reflex hammers that can be proudly displayed in the office.

  • NEUROLOGICAL EXAMINATION. Skills of eliciting clinical neurological signs

  • NEUROLOGICAL EXAMINATION SLIDES. Slides fully explaining the basic clinical neurological examination skills

  • NEUROLOGICAL EXAMINATION SLIDE SHOW. Slide show fully explaining most of the clinical neurological examination.

  • LUMBAR PUNCTURE AND CSF ANALYSIS. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was first examined in the 19th century using primitive techniques (eg, sharpened bird quills). CSF analysis reached a peak in the 1950s and early 1960s, when almost no workup of a significant central nervous system (CNS) problem was performed without a lumbar puncture (LP).

  • CLINICAL NEUROIMAGING. Neuroimaging plays a pivotal role in the diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) disorders. Although magnetic resonance imaging is being used with increasing frequency in assessment of CNS diseases, computed tomography continues to offer some advantages.

  • CLINICAL APPROACH TO STUPOR AND COMA. Consciousness may be defined as a state of awareness of self and surroundings.

  • CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS. Cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral sinus thrombosis, intracranial aneurysms etc. [menu]

  • BRAIN TUMORS. Primary brain tumors arise from CNS tissue and account for almost one half of all cases of intracranial neoplasms. The remainder of brain neoplasms are caused by metastatic cancer originating outside the CNS.

  • ENCEPHALITIS & CEREBRITIS. Encephalitis, an inflammation of the brain parenchyma, presents as diffuse and/or focal neuropsychological dysfunction. From an epidemiological and pathophysiological perspective, encephalitis is distinct from meningitis, although, clinically, the 2 often coexist with signs and symptoms of meningeal inflammation, such as photophobia, headache, or stiff neck.

  • VIRAL ENCEPHALITIS. Acute viral encephalitis (enkephalos + -itis, meaning brain inflammation) is often an unusual manifestation of common viral infections and most commonly affects children and young adults.

  • MENINGITIS. Meningitis is an inflammation of the leptomeninges and underlying subarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). It can be useful to divide symptom onset into acute, subacute, and chronic categories.

  • BRAIN ABSCESS, CLINICO RADIOLOGICAL PICTURE & MANAGEMENT. Intracranial abscesses are uncommon, serious, life-threatening infection. They include brain abscess and subdural or extradural empyema and are classified according to the anatomic location or etiologic agent. The term brain abscess is used in this chapter to represent all types of intracranial abscesses.

  • MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). MS lesions, characterized by perivascular infiltration of monocytes and lymphocytes, appear as indurated areas in pathological specimens; hence, the term "sclerosis in plaques."

  • MONOSYMPTOMATIC DEMYELINATING DISORDERS. The syndrome of optic neuritis (ON) has numerous etiologies (3), including inflammatory, infectious, toxic, metabolic, and degenerative diseases. By far the most common is the syndrome seen in MS, as described earlier.

  • CNS DEGENERATIVE DISORDERS & EXTRAPYRAMIDAL DISORDERS. Dementias, parkinson disease, parkinsonian syndrome, motor neuron disease, Degenerative ataxia, chorea, dystonia....etc [menu]

  • PERIPHERAL NERVE DISORDERS & NEUROMUSCULAR DISORDERS & MUSCLE DISORDERS. Neuropathies, myopathy, myasthenia gravis etc [menu]

  • HEADACHE & CRANIAL NEURALGIA. Migraine, tension headache, cluster headache, trigeminal neuralgia etc [menu]

  • CRANIAL NERVE DISORDERS. Cranial nerve palsy, cranial neuralgia [menu]

  • METABOLIC & ENDOCRINAL & TOXIC DISORDERS. Encephalopathies, vitamin deficiency, nutritional disorders etc. [menu]

  • CNS DEVELOPMENTAL & GENETIC DISORDERS. Phakomatoses, syringomyelia, spinal dysraphism etc [menu]

  • EPILEPTIC DISORDERS. Classification of epilepsy, generalized epilepsy, focal epilepsy, epilepsy management etc [menu]

  • COLLAGEN / VASCULAR DISORDERS. CNS lupus, CNS affection in rheumatoid arthritis, Behcet disease. neurovasculitis etc. [menu]

  • SPINAL DISORDERS. Spinal disc disease, congenital spinal lesions, spinal infective disease, spinal tumours etc. [menu]

  • MISCELLANEOUS DISORDERS. Other neurological disorders and medically related neurological disorders [menu]

  • CLINICAL PSYCHIATRY. Psychosis, neurosis, sleep disorders, etc [menu]

  • PSYCHONEUROPHARMACOLOGY. A quick guide to management [menu]

  • NEUROLOGICAL DICTIONARY. The meaning of common terms used in neurology.

  • INTERACTIVE QUIZ. 200 multiple choice questions with the correct anwers.


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      Copyright © Yasser Metwally, all right reserved